Ibn Masūd:

There are people who recite the Qurān yet it doesn’t descend beyond their throats; were it to reach the heart & take root therein, it is then that it would benefit.

- Muslim, no. 822

Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said:

By committing sins, the servant of Allaah does not aim to disobey his Lord or violate his prohibitions, but it was the result of an evil nature, the deceit of the soul and Satan, the strength of vain desires, and believing that one will be forgiven, however, according to Allaah, the aim of committing sins is the reason behind passing judgments, manifesting the dignity of the Lord, and the submission of the servants, and their complete need for Allaah.

As well as this, the existence of the Attributes of Allaah, like the Oft-Pardoning, the Oft-Forgiving, and the One Who accepts repentance, and the Clement to the repentant and remorseful. On the other hand, Allaah is the Avenger, the Just. And the One with the Strongest Grasp on those who insist on disobeying Him. He, the Exalted, wants His servant to perceive His Perfection, and to feel absolute need of his Lord, moreover, He wants His servant to see the Perfection of His Power, Glory, Forgiveness, Mercy, and Patience, and that His Mercy is nothing but beneficence, for if Allaah does not bestow His Mercy upon him, surely he will be destroyed.

Estimating guilt by Allaah has a great wisdom in it and a lot of benefit and mercy for that servant by offering him the way of repentance.

Al-Fawaa`id, p105

If he sincerely obeys and worships Allaah, every matter that he hates will be good for him; but if he abandons obedience and worship, every matter that he loves will be evil and bad for him. Whoever truly knows Allaah, His Names and His Attributes, will surely know that any distress or harm that has happened to him bears interest and benefits that his mind cannot comprehend. . .

Loving parents do the same to their children because they understand the benefits. Sometimes the cure for the child is painful, but the parent will still do it and all this will be done the sake of mercy and pity. Perhaps the parent will perceive some benefit for the child by not financing him, so he will not give to him, because he knows that these are the important causes of decay. He also prevents him from many pleasures in order to protect him. The Most Just among judges, the Most Merciful among those who are merciful, and the Most Knowledgeable among those who have knowledge, who is more merciful to His servants than themselves, their fathers, and their mothers, if He allows them to be inflicted with evil, that will be better for them than not inflicting them. If they had the chance to choose for themselves, they would never be able to benefit by it. However, Allaah, the Exalted, manages their lives according to His knowledge, wisdom, and mercy. . .

Only those who knows and believe in His Names and Attributes do not accuse Him or doubt one of His judgments but only those who do not know His Names and Attributes argue with Him about His judgments and doubt His Wisdom and fail to submit to His judgment. They even oppose it with their spoiled minds, false opinions and unjust policies. They neither knew their Lord, or obtain any benefit. Whenever a servant has this knowledge, he will live in a Paradise on earth before he enters the Paradise of the Hereafter. he will be satisfied and pleased with his Lord and will be satisfied with the paradise in this worldly life. The servant will be pleased with whatever happens to him because he knows that it has been chosen by Allaah and this is acceptance of Allaah as his Lord, Islaam as his religion, and Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) as his Messenger. The one who is not able to do this will never taste the sweetness of faith. This pleasure depends upon how much he comprehends the justice of Allaah, His Wisdom, Mercy and Good Choice. The more he knows, the more pleasure and satisfaction he will have. Allaah judges his servants according to justice, benefit, wisdom and mercy.
Ibn ul-Qayyim ~ Al-Fawaa’id

Take a few hours from your time to relax yourself in the gardens of knowledge from the books of lecture (general knowledge), for the heart needs to be relaxed from time to time. It was narrated that the Commander of the Believers ‘Alee ibn Abi Taalib said: “Relax these hearts, and seek for them subtle wisdoms, for they become bored just as the bodies become bored.1

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah commented upon the wisdom concerning the prohibition of praying general supererogatory prayers during the abhorred times: “Rather, in the prohibition of praying general supererogatory prayers during the abhorred times are additional advantages such as relaxation of the body at intervals from the weightiness of worship, as one would relax by sleeping and other forms [of relaxation], and for this reason Mu’aadh said: Verily I seek reward for my sleep as I do when I am awake…”2 He [i.e. Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, also] said: “Rather, it was said: that from the general wisdoms of the prohibition of praying general supererogatory prayers during the abhorred times is the relaxation of the body during these abhorred times so that it may become more energetic at the times of (obligatory) prayer; for it becomes at ease by what it has been prohibited from, and becomes more energetic after it has been relaxed. And Allah knows best.”3

For this purpose weekend breaks were widespread from the early times, most commonly on Fridays and Thursday evenings, and sometimes used to be on Mondays and Tuesdays, and on ‘Eid al-Ad-haa and ‘Eid al-Fitr it would be up to three days, and so on. We find this in the books about the etiquette of teaching and the biographies, for example: Adaab al-Mu’alimeen (The Etiquette of the Teachers) by Suhnoon4, and ar-Risaalah al-Mufusilah5 (The Articulate Letter) by al-Qaabisee, and ash-Shaqaa’iq an-Nu’maaniyah (Anemone)6 and from it Abjaad al-’Uloom (Simplified Knowledge),7 and the book entitled Alaysas-Subhu bi Qareeb (Is Dawn Not Near?) by Taahir bin ‘Aashoor, Fataawa Rasheed Rida, and Mu’jam al-Buldaan (The Dictionary of Countries)8 and Fataawa Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah.9


[1] Jaami’ Bayaan al-’Ilm wa Fadlih

[2] Majmoo’ al Fataawa, (23/187)

[3] Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, (23/217)

[4] p104

[5] p135-137

[6] p20 [A plant with white, red, or purple flowers. (M)]

[7] 1/195-196

[8] 1/102

[9] 25/318-320, 229


  • Transcribed from: The Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge | Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd

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