Du’aa


Ibn al-Qayyim:

Trusting in Allāh is the seed of relying on Him and if He, the Almighty is approached with sincerity, du’ā will be answered.

al-Fawaa`id

The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) would say,

O Allaah, make me live as one lowly and humble (miskeen), make me die as one lowly and humble, and resurrect me amongst the ranks of the lowly and humble,”(1) thereby alluding to the nobility and excellence of this station. Peace and blessings be upon him, his family, his Companions, and those who hold tightly to his rope after him.

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(1) Tirmidhee #2352 on the authority of Anas and he said it was gharib, Ibn Maajah #4126 on the authority of Aboo Sa’eed, and Tabaraanee, al-Du’aa on the authority of ‘Ubaadah ibn Al-Saamit, all with da’eef isnaads, however the hadeeth is saheeh. It was also recorded on the authority of Abu Sa’eed by Haakim #7911 who said it was saheeh with Dhahabee agreeing; it was also ruled Saheeh by Suyuuti, al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer #1454, and Albaanee, Saheeh al-Jaami’ #1261, Al-Saheehah #308, al-Irwaa’ #861. cf. Sakhaawee, Maqaasid al-Hasanah #166

  • Transcribed from: The Humility in Prayer, Ibn Rajab
  • Translated by: Abu Rumaysah

اللهم انك تسمع كلامي، وترى مكاني، وتلعم سري وعلانيتي، ولا يخفى عليك شيءٌ من أمري، ونا البائس الفقير والمستغيث المستجير، والوجل المشفق المقر المعترف إليك بذنبه، أسألك مسألة المسكين، وأبتهل إليك ابتهال المذنب الذليل، وأدعوك دعاء الخائفن الضرير، دعاء من خضعت لك رقبته، وذل لك جسمه، ورغم لك أنفه

O Allaah, Verily, You hear my speech and see my place and know whatever is hidden or open in my life. None of my affairs is hidden from You. I am but a miserable poor one, imploring You and begging for Your Protection. I submit to You, overtaken by my fears and acknowledging my sins. I beseech You from the position of one who is in dire need. I pray to You from the position of a shamed sinner. And I address to You a supplication from the position of one who is trodden by fear and affliction, and who bows to You in total humility.

اللهم إن نفسي أمارة بالسوء، والشيطان يوقعني كل ساعة في خطيئة من الكبائر، فضلاً عن الصغائر، وإني أريد نزعي من نزغه، ولا أستطيع حتى توفقني، فإن بيدك الخير، والشرليس إليك، فاغفر لي وتب علي، ولا تزغ قلبي بعد إذ هديتني، ومنحني علماً بالكتاب والسنة، وإن لم ترحمني وتغفرلي أكن من الخاسرين، فاهدني سواء السبيل، وغفرلي مغفرة تامة، واعف عني، فإنك عفو تحب العفو، وارزقني العافية في الدين والدنيا والآخرة، وما ذلك عليك بعزيز، يا أرحم الراحيمن

O Allaah, my soul is prone to evil, and the Shaytaan is constantly trapping me into major sins, not to mention the minor ones. I seek to be freed from the temptations of the Shaytaan, but without your guidance I cannot. For, verily in Your Hand is all the good and to You the evil belongs not. So forgive me and grant me Your pardon. And cause not my heart to go astray after You have guided me. Make me knowledgeable in Your Book and the Prophet’s traditions. Verily, if You grant me not Your mercy and forgiveness, I will be amongst the losers. So I beseech You to guide me to the right way, grant me full forgiveness and pardon me. For You are the Pardoner and You love to pardon. And grant me full protection in all matters of Faith, life and the Hereafter. Verily, that for You is not any difficult, O Most Merciful, of those who have mercy.

اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أَشْكُو إِلَيْكَ ضَعْفَ قُوَتِي، وَقِلَّة حِيلَتِي،وَهَوَانِي عَلَى النَّاسِ، ياأرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمينَ، أَنْتَ رَبُّ المُسْتَضْعَفِينَ وأَنْتَ رَبِّي، إِلى مَنْ تََكِلُنِي؟ إلَى بَعِيدٍ يَتَجَهَّمُنِي، أَمْ إِلَى عَدُوّ مَلَّكْتَهُ أَمْرِي؟ إِن لَّمْ يَكُنْ بكَ غَضَبٌ عَلَيَّ فَلاَ أُبَالِي، وَلَكِنَّ عَافِيَتكَ أَوْسَعُ لِي.

أَسْأَلُكَ بِنورِ وَجْهِكَ الَّذي أَشْرَقتْ لَهُ الظُّلُمَاتُ، وَصَلَحَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَة: مِنْ أَنْ يَحِلَّ بي سَخَطُكَ، أَوْ يَنْزِلَ عَلَيَّ عَذَابُكَ، لَكَ العُتْبَى حَتَّى تَرْضى، ولا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِكَ.

O Allaah, to You Alone do I complain of the debilitation of my strength, the deficiency of my means, and the contempt with which people treat me. O Allaah, the Most Merciful of those who have mercy, You are the Lord of those who are oppressed, helpless and weak. And You are my Lord. To whom would You render me? To someone far-off who would sullenly frown at me? Or to an enemy whom You have given control over my affairs? If You are not angry with me, then I should not worry. But Your protection would endow me with more grace. With the light of Your Face, which causes the darkness to shine up with brightness, and which amends all the affairs of this world and the Hereafter: I ask You to protect me from incurring Your wrath or punishment. To You Alone I submit my regrets and pleas until You are pleased. There is no strength other than what is given by You.

Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee | Does Du’aa Change the Qadr?

Question: Does supplication change the qadar?

Answer: It comes in a hadeeth that some of the people of knowledge have deemed authentic and it is, “Nothing changes the qadar except supplication.” However the intent behind it is that Allaah has (already) decreed for this person to supplicate and thus such and such a thing will happen for him due to it.

This is similar to the hadeeth, “Whoever wishes for his lifespan to be extended and his provisions increased then let him keep good ties with his kith and kin.” Yet, there still isn’t any change in the decree of Allaah. Because Allaah is the one who decreed for him to keep ties with the womb that bore him so that his life-span may be extended while so and so does not keep ties with the womb that bore him so his life-span gets cut short. All of this takes place by the decree of Allaah ‘Azza wa Jal.

And He (i.e. Allaah) decreed for this person to supplicate and therefore Allaah benefitted him by that supplication that he made and another individual does not supplicate so as a result doesn’t benefit from supplication.

Na’am (Yes).

Sa’d bin Abi Waqqaas (radiAllaahu ‘anhumaa) said:

“My father heard me while I was saying, “O Allaah, indeed I ask you for Paradise, its delights, its beauty and such and such, and I take refuge in You from the Hell-Fire, its iron chains, its iron collars, and such and such.” So he (my father) said, “O my little son, indeed I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) say, ‘There will be a people who will be go beyond the proper limit in supplicating (making du’aa), so be careful not to be from them. Indeed, if you are granted Paradise, you will be granted it and whatever is in it of good, and if you are protected from the Hell-Fire, you will be protected from it and whatever is in it of evil.’”

Ibraheem Ibn Adham was approached by a group of people. They asked him about the Saying of Allaah the Most High: 

“Call upon your Lord and He will answer you.”

[Ghaafir: 60]

They said:

We supplicate to Allaah but He does not respond to (our invocations).” [1]

Ibraheem Ibn Adham replied:

You know Allaah but yet you do not obey Him.

You recite the Qur’aan but you do not act upon it.
You know about the shaytaan (devil) but you agree with him.
You claim that you love the Messenger of Allaah but you abandon his sunnah.
You claim that you love (to enter) paradise but you do not act for it.
You claim that you fear the Hell-Fire but you fail to abstain from disobedience.
You say that death is truly (approaching) but you do not prepare for it.
You are preoccupied with other people’s faults but you do not analyze your own.
You eat the sustenance that Allaah provides (you with) but you show no thanks.
You bury your dead but you do not contemplate over that.[2]

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[1] Abu Hurayrah narrated that: The Messenger of Allaah (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The invocation of anyone of you is granted (by Allaah) if he does not show impatience, saying, ‘I invoked Allaah but my request has not been granted.’” [Bukhaaree and Muslim]

[2] Al-Khushoo’ fee As-Salaat, with Commentary and checking by Shaykh ‘Ali Ibn Hasan,  by Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali (d790) page 39. This narration has mysteriously been omitted from the English translation of this wonderful book.

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