da’wah


Matters will not be correct and sound except with the presence of tawheed.

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*In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy…

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan:

…This is what is obligatory for the du`aat (callers) to precede upon in their call, that they should focus upon warning against shirk and calling to tawheed before everything, otherwise their call will not be upon the manhaj (methodology) of the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

Allaah sent the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) with warning against shirk and calling to tawheed, so it is essential to lay this foundation down first of all. After that, the person can direct his attention to the rest of the matters, since matters will not be correct and sound except with the presence of tawheed.

If all of the people were to abandon zinaa (fornication), intoxicants, stealing, and they took on every virtuous quality from deeds and behavior, but did not abandon shirk, there would be no benefit in these matters and it will not benefit them. Whereas, if the people were to remain free of shirk, but had major sins less than shirk, then there is hope for such a person that Allaah will either forgive him or punish him in accordance with the level of his sins. But his final destination will be to Paradise because he is a person of tawheed.

Tawheed is the fundamental basis and foundation. There is no salvation except with the presence of tawheed firstly. Therefore, it is obligatory to concentrate and always give attention to it and to call the people to it and to teach it to the people and to explain it to them, what is the meaning of tawheed and what is the meaning of shirk. The Muslim must be aware of this matter and attain certainty concerning it. He should check himself so that he does not fall into anything from shirk or infringe tawheed. This matter is essential and the da`wah must precede upon this basis.(1)

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(1) Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan. Translated by Aboo Talhah Dawud Burbank -rahimahullaah.

Shaykh bin Baaz (rahimahullaah):

This day and age is a day and age of being gentle, of being patient, and of having wisdom. It is not a day and age of being harsh and strict. The majority of the people are in a state of ignorance and neglect influenced by the worldly affairs of this life. So it is necessary to have patience and it is necessary to be gentle until the call has reached and been conveyed to the people and that they come to understanding. We ask Allaah to grant everyone guidance.

  • Source: Majmoo` Fataawaa vol. 8, p376 and vol. 10 p91
  • Translated by: Aboo `Imraan al-Mekseekee

Visit www.Istijabah.com.

Imaam Sufyaan did not believe that a student of knowledge should dedicate himself to spreading knowledge, particularly when he was not in demand and when a sufficient number of scholars were available to the people. He felt that a student of knowledge should dedicate all of his time to the pursuit of knowledge, and that he should disseminate knowledge only after he gains expertise in a particular field. Al-Mahdee Abu ‘Abdullaah reported that he once heard Sufyaan say:

“The first stage of knowledge is silence; the second is listening and memorizing; the third is applying what one learned; and the fourth is teaching and spreading the knowledge that one learned.”

The profound wisdom contained in this advice makes it deserving of being taught to all students of knowledge, and even being written in gold. In a similar vein, Ath-Thauree once said:

“Whoever relates Ahaadeeth before there is a need for him to do so, will, in the end, suffer humiliation.”

**

And the following saying of Sufyaan (may Allaah have mercy on him) epitomizes his drive to learn:

“We will continue to learn as long as we are able to find someone who can teach us.”

  • Selected from: The Biography of Sufyaan ath-Thauree (rahimahullaah), p43

‘Abdul-Lateef(1) narrates(2):

Forty-eight hours before Shaykh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) died, he asked for his book (Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood) to be brought to him; so he could check something in it which he had a doubt about.’

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(1) The Shaykh’s son.

(2) Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee – Muhaddith al-’Asr and Naasir as-Sunnah — Page 43.

  • Extracted from: Jewels of Guidance | Ibn Baaz, al-Albaanee, Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy upon them all)

By: Al-Hafith Abu Bakr Muhammed Bin Al Hussain Al-Ajuree (rahimahullaah)

Translated by: Mustafa George DeBerry

And who is better in speech than he who invites to Allaah, does righteous good deeds and says, I am one of the Muslims.

(Suraah Fussilaat: 33)

Al-Hassan al-Basree said explaining this verse, “This is the beloved of Allaah, this is the close friend of Allaah, this is the chosen one of Allaah, this is the most beloved of all the people of earth to Allaah. He responded to the call of Allaah and called mankind to that to which he had responded. He did righteous good deeds in response to it and said, ‘I am one of the Muslims.’ This is Allaah’s khaleefah.”

Authentically reported in Tafseer ibn Kathir

The eighth point: The Student of Knowledge is patient in Seeking Knowledge.

That he is patient and persevering in seeking knowledge, and that he does not cease and nor does he become bored, rather he is consistent in seeking knowledge according to his ability.

He should be patient in seeking knowledge and not become bored, for certainly when boredom strikes a person, it persists to such an extent that he becomes tired and weary, then ultimately ceases this noble act.

However, if he is patient and persevering in seeking knowledge, then from one angle, he will certainly attain the reward of the patient ones, while from another angle, it will be an achievement for him. Pay attention to the saying of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) addressing His Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam):

This is the news of the unseen which We reveal unto you, neither you nor your people knew them before this. So be patient. Surely, the end is for the Muttaqoon (pious).57

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[57] The Noble Qur’aan – Soorah Hood, Aayah 49.

  • Transcribed from: The Book of Knowledge || Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)

The seventh point: Wisdom.

That he is distinguished with wisdom, as Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says:

He grants Hikmah (wisdom) to whom He pleases, and he, to whom Hikmah is granted, is indeed granted abundant good.49

And wisdom is that the student of knowledge becomes a teacher of others with what he possesses of good manners and invites to the Religion of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala), such that he addresses everyone according to that which befits their level of understanding. And if we were to pursue this path, we would acquire much good as our Lord (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says:

…and he, to whom Hikmah is granted, is indeed granted abundant good.50

And the hakeem (wise person) is he who adapts matters to their appropriate level, because the word hakeem comes from the word ihkaam, and that is agreement and mastery of a thing whereby he adapts a matter in such a way as to bring it to its required level. It is therefore befitting, moreover, obligatory upon the student of knowledge to be wise in his da’wah.

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) has mentioned the principles of da’wah in His (subhaanaahu wa ta’aala) saying:

Invite to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better.51

And Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) has mentioned a fourth principle in debating with the People of the Book, by saying:

And argue not with the people of the Scripture, unless it be in that which is better, except with such of them as do wrong…52

So the student of knowledge should select from the techniques of giving da’wah, that which is the closest to acceptance. An example of this is the da’wah of the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), whereby a bedouin Arab came and urinated in a part of the masjid. The companions stood to rebuke him, but the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) forbade them from doing so. When the bedouin Arab had finished urinating, the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) called him over and said:

These mosques are not the places meant for urine and filth, rather, they are only for the remembrance of Allaah, prayer and the recitation of the Qur’an.”53 or the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said that which was similar to this.

Have you seen better wisdom than this?

So this Bedouin Arab became so delighted and content, that he said: “O Allaah! Have mercy upon me and Muhammad, and do not be Merciful to anyone else.

And in another story, that of Mu’aawiyah ibn al-Hakam as-Sulamee, who said: “Whilst we were praying with the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), one of the men sneezed. So I said: “May Allaah have mercy upon you!” So the people all looked at me intensely with piercing eyes. So I said: “What’s the matter with you all, looking at me like that?” Then they began beating their thighs with their hands. When I saw them attempting to silence me, I became quiet. When the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) had finished praying, (May Allaah sacrifice my Father and my Mother for His Sake!) I have not seen a teacher since better than him. By Allaah!  He did not alienate me nor strike me nor insult me, rather he (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Certainly nothing of the speech of the people is permitted in this prayer, rather, that which is permitted is the glorification and proclamation of the greatness of Allaah and the reciting of the Qur’an.”54

And from this, we find it is obligatory to undertake the da’wah to Allaah with wisdom as Allaah has commanded.

And yet another example, is when the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) saw a man and on his hand he had a gold ring, and the gold ring is haraam (prohibited) for the men. So the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) took it off his hand and threw it away, then said: “One of you is wishing for live coal from Hell, and putting it on his hand.”55

So when the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) left, it was said to the man: “Take your gold ring and derive benefit from it (i.e. sell it).” So he said: No! By Allaah, I will not take it when Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) has thrown it away.”

So the manner of advising here is more severe, since every situation has its own particular way of being addressed. Similarly, it is befitting for everyone who invites to the Path of Allaah to adapt every matter in such a manner as to bring it to any required level and not to consider the people all on one and the same level, since the desired result is to achieve benefit for all concerned.

(more…)

The sixth point: The Call to Allaah.

That he calls to Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) based upon his knowledge, and calls and calls using every possible opportunity: in the masaajid (mosques), gatherings, in the market places and at all such opportunities. After Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) had favoured the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) with Prophethood and Messengership, he did not sit in his house, rather he used to go out and invite the people to Allaah. Therefore, I do not wish to see the students of knowledge taking to writing books, rather I wish to see them working students of knowledge, using every opportunity to call to Allaah.

  • Transcribed from: The Book of Knowledge || Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)

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