‘Aqeedah


Dhul-Nuun used to repeat these verses by night:

Seek for yourselves

The likes of what I have found.

I have found a place of rest wherein

He never falters in His love:

If I move away, He draws me close

And if I move closer, He draws nigh.

- Aboo Nu`aym, vol. 9, p. 357 no. 14112

Shaykh ibn Saalih al-`Uthaymeen states:

“…Every text that proves the obligation to believe in what has come in the Qur`aan is also a proof that one must believe in what has come in the Sunnah, due to the direct orders found in the Qur`aan to follow the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) and refer back to him in disputes. And referring back to him (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) was done by going directly to him during his lifetime, and it is done by referring to his Sunnah after his death.

So where is the belief in the Qur`aan for the one who is too haughty to follow the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam), the very one he has been commanded to follow in the Qur`aan?! And where is the belief in the Qur`aan for the one who does not refer back to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) in disputes while Allaah has ordered him with that in the Qur`aan?!

And where is the belief in the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam), that which the Qur`aan has directed us to, for the one who does not accept what is found in his Sunnah?! And verily, Allaah has said:

«And We have sent down upon you the Book,

a clarification for everything.» [16:89]

It is well known that many of the affairs of the Islaamic legislation, of both knowledge and practice, have been explained by the Sunnah. This shows how the details given to something from the Sunnah are actually from the “clarification” of the Qur`aan (as referred to in the above Verse).”

  • Sourceal-Qawaa`id al-MuthlaaShaykh `Uthaymeen.
  • Translated byUstaadh Moosaa Richardson.

“O soul, woe to You!
Guidance has come to you,
Answer it! Here is the caller of Allah,
summoning you.
Many-a-time are you called to guidance
yet turn away do you,
But answer do you the caller to misguidance
when he calls you!

Shaykh `Ubayd al-Jaabiree (may Allaah preserve him):

Perverting the Words of Allaah and His Messenger (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) from their apparent, obvious meanings is a blameworthy characteristic, a horrible path taken, and a crime against the words of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.

  • Source: al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa, Shaykh `Uthaymeen.
  • Translated by: Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson.

Ibraaheem ibn Faatik said: I heard Aboo Ya`qoob say:

This world is an ocean, and the Hereafter is that distant shore, the boat to be traveled within is fear of Allaah, and the people are travelers within it.

Siyaar A`laam an-Nubala, vol.15, p.282

Matters will not be correct and sound except with the presence of tawheed.

*

*In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy…

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan:

…This is what is obligatory for the du`aat (callers) to precede upon in their call, that they should focus upon warning against shirk and calling to tawheed before everything, otherwise their call will not be upon the manhaj (methodology) of the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

Allaah sent the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) with warning against shirk and calling to tawheed, so it is essential to lay this foundation down first of all. After that, the person can direct his attention to the rest of the matters, since matters will not be correct and sound except with the presence of tawheed.

If all of the people were to abandon zinaa (fornication), intoxicants, stealing, and they took on every virtuous quality from deeds and behavior, but did not abandon shirk, there would be no benefit in these matters and it will not benefit them. Whereas, if the people were to remain free of shirk, but had major sins less than shirk, then there is hope for such a person that Allaah will either forgive him or punish him in accordance with the level of his sins. But his final destination will be to Paradise because he is a person of tawheed.

Tawheed is the fundamental basis and foundation. There is no salvation except with the presence of tawheed firstly. Therefore, it is obligatory to concentrate and always give attention to it and to call the people to it and to teach it to the people and to explain it to them, what is the meaning of tawheed and what is the meaning of shirk. The Muslim must be aware of this matter and attain certainty concerning it. He should check himself so that he does not fall into anything from shirk or infringe tawheed. This matter is essential and the da`wah must precede upon this basis.(1)

_____________________________

(1) Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan. Translated by Aboo Talhah Dawud Burbank -rahimahullaah.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan:

…With regard to matters relating to the Islaamic legislation and that of the religion, it is not permissible to speak about them based upon conjecture, because this will be a case of takalluf (unnecessary overburdening oneself). However, whoever has knowledge should respond and whoever does not have knowledge should say: ‘Allaah knows best.’ And whoever says: ‘I do not know,’ has given a response.

Imaam Maalik (rahimahullaah) was asked forty questions and he gave an answer to six of them. With regard to the rest, he said: ‘I do not know.’ So questioner said to him: ‘I have come from such-and-such place. I have traveled and tired out my riding animal and you say: ‘I do not know?’ So he said: ‘Ride your animal and go back to the land which you came from and say: ‘I asked Maalik and he said: ‘I do not know.

This is not a defect that when a person does not know an answer regarding matters of the Islaamic legislation that he should say: ‘I do not know.’ Even if he is a scholar. The Messenger (sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) said:

«The one who is being asked about it does not know any better than the one who is asking.»(1)

He (sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) when he was asked certain questions and he did not possess revelation from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, he would wait until the revelation descended from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. Do you not recite [a number of times]: ‘They ask you about such-and-such. They ask you about such-and-such. Then say: ‘Such-and-such’?

«They ask you about intoxicants and gambling. Say: “In them is a great sin.”» [2:219]

«They ask you about the crescent moons. Say: “They are signs to mark time periods for the people and for the Hajj.”» [2:189]

So, the Messenger (sallallaahu`alayhi wa sallam) when he was asked a question and he did not have an answer, he would wait until revelation came down to him from Allaah. So that should be even more the case with anyone else besides him. He should wait until he asks someone else or until he researches the matter in the books of the people of knowledge to attain the answer. As for being hasty, then this is extremely dangerous and it contains showing bad manners towards Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, since the one who gives the answer is answering about Allaah’s legislation. He is saying: ‘Allaah has made such-and-such permissible,’ or ‘He has made such-and-such forbidden,’ or ‘He has legislated such-and-such.’ So the matter is extremely dangerous.(2)

__________

(1) The famous hadeeth of Jibreel (`alayhis-salaam).

(2) Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan. Translated by Aboo Talhah Dawud Burbank -rahimahullaah.

Imaam as-Sa`dee:

Tawheed is the right of Allaah, the most obligatory upon His worshipers, it is the greatest of religious commands, the most basic of all fundamentals, and the firmest basis for deeds.

*

al-Qawl as-Sadeed

~ Beautiful.

Shaykh al-`Uthaymeen said:

We believe that the sinner has no excuse in Allaah’s divine decree, because he commits his sin by his free will, without knowing that Allaah has decreed for him, for no one knows Allaah’s decree before it takes place:

«No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow» [31:34]

How can it be possible, then, to present an excuse that is not known to the person who is advancing it when he commits his offense? Allaah invalidated this type of argument by saying:

«Those who took partners (in worship) with Allaah will say: “If Allaah had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will). Likewise belied those who were before them, (they argued falsely with Allaah’s Messengers), till they tasted of Our Wrath. Say: “Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily, you follow nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie.» [6:148]

We say to the sinner who is using divine decree as an excuse: ‘Why did you not perform deeds of obedience, assuming that Allaah has decreed them upon you, since you did not know the difference between good deeds and sins? That is why, when Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) told his Companions that everyone’s position in Paradise or Hell has been assigned, they said: ‘Should not we rely on this and stop working?’ He said: «No, work and everyone will be directed to what he is created for» [Bukhaaree and Muslim].

We say to the sinner who is trying to find an excuse in the divine decree: “Suppose you want to travel to Makkah. There are two roads that may take you there. You are told by a truthful person that one of these roads is dangerous and difficult, the other is easy and safe. You will take the second one. You will not take the first road and say it is decreed upon me. If you did, people would consider you crazy.”

We may also say to him: “If you are offered two jobs, one of which has a higher salary, you will certainly take the one with the higher salary. Why do you choose what is lower in the Hereafter and use the divine decree as an excuse?”

We may further say to him: “We see you when you are afflicted with a disease, you knock at every physician’s door looking for treatment and bearing whatever pain that may result from surgical operations and the bitterness of medicine. Why do not you do the same when your heart is spiritually sick with sins?

the Muslim’s Belief.

It is reported that Abū Qilābah – Allāh Have mercy on him – said:

It is only the storyteller-preachers (al-qusās) who have killed knowledge. A man listens to a storyteller for a year without really learning anything that will last, whereas a man who sits with a scholar for an hour  learns what will last  and benefit him before he even gets up.

Abū Nu’aym, Hilyatu Al-Awliyā` 2:287.

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