May 2011


From the morals and manners of the Salaf was their abundant sincerity (al-ikhlaas) in their knowledge and actions, fearing the presence of vanity (ar-riyaa’). Allaah the Most High said, ‘Is it not to Allaah that sincere religion is due?“(1) The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallaam) said, “Allaah does not accept any action without it being sincerely devoted to Him and seeking His Face.”(2)

Ibraheem at-Taymi (rahimahullaah) would say, “The sincerely devoted one is he who conceals his good deeds like he conceals his bad ones.”

Ash-Sha’bi (rahimahullaah) said, “(It is) from the manners of scholars that if they know some knowledge, they would practice it. Once they had practiced that knowledge, they would preoccupy themselves with practice rather than with people. With their preoccupation, their presence amongst the people would be missed, and when missed, they would be sought after, and when sought after, they would flee fearing tribulation in their deen (practice).

Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyaad (rahimahullaah) used to say, “If you saw a scholar or a worshipper taking pleasure at their righteousness being mentioned in front of the rulers and the children of the world, then know that he is one who is a show-off.”

The reason being that sincerity is to desire through knowledge and practice, the things which are with Allaah the Most High. Amongst the signs of the discreet showing off (ar-riyaa’ ul-khaafee) is to feel cheerful being praised or noticed for one’s action. The Salaf used to count this as greater than a major sin since it is a minor form of shirk (associating partners with Allaah), the greatest of sins.

O brother! Search yourself in your knowledge and action. Weep over them if you find in them the love to be seen (ar-riyaa’) or heard (as-sam’aah), knowing that whoever loved to be seen or heard is shown up with humiliation and exposed in the world and the Hereafter. We ask Allaah for His protection in the two worlds.

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(1) Soorah Az-Zumaar (39):3

(2) Reported by An-Nasaa’i (6/25) al-Jihaad. Al-Haafidh al-’Iraaqi said in his checking to “Al-Ihyaa‘”: Its chain is Hasan (4/28). Al-Mundhiri said in “At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb” (1/24): Its chain is good. Al-Albaanee said in “As-Saheehah” (52): Its chain is Hasan. He mentioned in “Saheeh An-Nasaa’i“: Hasan Saheeh (2943). In his commentary to it he said, “This hadeeth and others show that the believers righteous action is not accepted if he did not intend the Face of Allaah by it. About that Allaah says: “Whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, then let him do righteous actions and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.” [Sooraat ul-Kahf (18):110]. So what will be the position of the disbeliever if he never purified his intention for his Lord in the actions? The answer is in the statement of the Blessed and Most High: …and We turned to what they used to do and made them (like) scattered dust [Suuratul Furqaan (25):63] – As-Saheehah (1/72)

  • Transcribed from: Characteristics of the Salaf, by Shaykh Ahmad Fareed

Ibn Daawood related that he heard Sufyaan say:

If you want your marriage proposal to be accepted, then give a gift to the mother (of the girl with whom you wish to get married).”

The Biography of Sufyaan Ath-Thauree, p155-156

The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) would say,

O Allaah, make me live as one lowly and humble (miskeen), make me die as one lowly and humble, and resurrect me amongst the ranks of the lowly and humble,”(1) thereby alluding to the nobility and excellence of this station. Peace and blessings be upon him, his family, his Companions, and those who hold tightly to his rope after him.

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(1) Tirmidhee #2352 on the authority of Anas and he said it was gharib, Ibn Maajah #4126 on the authority of Aboo Sa’eed, and Tabaraanee, al-Du’aa on the authority of ‘Ubaadah ibn Al-Saamit, all with da’eef isnaads, however the hadeeth is saheeh. It was also recorded on the authority of Abu Sa’eed by Haakim #7911 who said it was saheeh with Dhahabee agreeing; it was also ruled Saheeh by Suyuuti, al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer #1454, and Albaanee, Saheeh al-Jaami’ #1261, Al-Saheehah #308, al-Irwaa’ #861. cf. Sakhaawee, Maqaasid al-Hasanah #166

  • Transcribed from: The Humility in Prayer, Ibn Rajab
  • Translated by: Abu Rumaysah

Al-Hasan, may Allaah have mercy on him, said:

‘When you stand in prayer, stand in due obedience as Allaah has ordered you, beware of negligence and looking (here and there), beware that Allaah be looking at you while you are looking at something else, asking Allaah for Paradise and taking refuge with Him from the Fire, yet your heart is heedless, not knowing what the tongue is saying.’

The Humility in Prayer, Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbalee

Habeeb Al-Jallab said:

“I asked Ibn Al-Mubarak, ‘What is the best gift that was given to mankind?‘ He said, ‘A wise mind.’ I said, ‘If one did not have that?’ He said, ‘Good conduct.’ I said, ‘And if one did not have that?’ He said, ‘An advising friend whom he seeks his council.’ I asked, If one did not have that?’ He said, ‘Long periods of silence.’ I asked, ‘If one did not have even that?’ He said, ‘Then a swift death!‘”

As-Siyar, vol. 8, p. 397

Fudhayl Ibn ‘Iyaad said:

“Associate with those who have good behavior, for they will only call you to goodness, and accompanying them brings comfort. As for ill-mannered persons, they only call to evil. Therefore, do not associate with them, so that you save yourself from their ill conduct. I prefer associating with a sinner who has good mannerism, to associating with a worshiper whose mannerism with people is unbecoming. Verily, the former type (the sinner who has good conduct in public) uses caution with people, who like him because he is easy going, while the latter, who has bad mannerism, is despised and disliked to people.”

Rawdhaat Ul-’Uqalaa’, p64

Amongst the people are those who have faith but also possess a characteristic of hypocrisy as is reported in the Two Saheehs from ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said,

“There are four [qualities], whosoever has them is a hypocrite and whosoever has a characteristic of these four possesses a characteristic of hypocrisy until he leaves it: when he speaks he lies, when he promises he breaks it, when he makes a covenant he proves treacherous, and when he argues he behaves in an imprudent and uncouth manner.”(1)

Also in the Two Saheehs it is reported from Aboo Hurayrah (radiallaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallaam) said:

“Faith has sixty or seventy and odd branches. The most lofty of them is the saying, ‘None has the right to be worshiped save Allaah,’ and the least of them is to remove something harmful from the road and modesty is a branch of faith.”(2)

Hence the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) explained that whosoever has a characteristic of these qualities [mentioned in the first hadeeth] then he has a characteristic of hypocrisy until he leaves it.

It is also established in the Two Saheehs that he (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said to Aboo Dharr (radiallaahu ‘anhu),

Indeed you still contain [some qualities] of the Pre-Islaamic ignorance.’(3) He asked, ‘Despite my old age?‘ He replied, ‘Yes.’”(4)

It is established from him (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) in the Saheeh that he said,

“There are four things [found] in my nation that are from the affairs of jaahiliyyah: Boasting about social status, abusing genealogies, wailing over the dead and seeking rain through the stars.”(5)

It is reported in the Two Saheehs from Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said,

“The signs of the hypocrite are three: When he speaks he lies, when he promises he breaks it, and when he is entrusted with something he proves treacherous.”(6)

In Saheeh Muslim [there occurs the additional wording],

Even if he fasts, prays and thinks that he is a Muslim.”(7)

Al-Bukhaaree mentions from ibn Abee Mulaykah that he said,

“I have met thirty of the Companions of Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) all of them fearing hypocrisy for themselves.”(8)

Allaah, the Exalted says,

And what struck you on the day the two armies met [at Uhud] was by the permission of Allaah so that He might make evident the [true] believers and that He might make evident those who are the hypocrites. For it was said to them, ‘Come, fight in the Way of Allaah or [at least] defend.’ They said, ‘If we had known [there would be] fighting we would have followed you.’ They were nearer to disbelief that day than to faith.” [Ali-'Imraan (3):166-167]

So He declared these people to be closer to disbelief than belief [on that day], thus it becomes known that they had mixed faith with disbelief, and that their disbelief was stronger of the two. [Likewise] others who have mixed faith with disbelief could find that their faith is the stronger of the two.

[2.1 The Increase and Decrease of Faith]

Now, when it is known that the Awliya’ of Allaah are the pious, God-fearing believers, then [know that] the servants love of and closeness to Allaah (wilaayah) will be determined by the amount of faith and taqwaa he has. Therefore, the one who is more complete with regards his faith and taqwa is closer to and has greater love of Allaah, the Exalted. Hence the people are of varying degrees in their closeness to, and love of Allaah, the Mighty and Magnificent, varying in accordance to their degrees of completion in faith and taqwaa. Similarly, people are of varying degrees with regards their enmity to Allaah, which is determined in accordance to their level of disbelief and hypocrisy. Allaah, the Exalted says,

And whenever a Suurah is revealed, there are among them [the hypocrites] those who say, ‘Which of you has this increased in faith?’ As for those who have believed, it has increased them in faith and they rejoice. But as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it has [only] increased them in evil [in addition] to their evil and they will have died while they are disbelievers.” [At-Tawbah (9):124-125]

Indeed, the postponing [of restriction within the sacred months] is an increase in disbelief.” [At-Tawbah (9):37]

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and grants them their righteousness.” [Muhammad (47):17]

He, the Exalted, says with regards to the hypocrites,

In their hearts is a disease, so Allaah has increased their disease.” [Al-Baqarah (2):10]

In conclusion, Allaah, the Glorious and Exalted, has explained that a single person could have some measure of closeness and allegiance to Allaah in accordance to his level of faith and also have some measure of enmity to Allaah in accordance to his level of disbelief and hypocrisy. Allaah, the Exalted, says,

And those who have believed will increase in faith.” [Al-Muddaththir (74):31]

“…so that they would increase in faith along with their [present] faith.” [Al-Fath (48):4]

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(1) {F} Reported by Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 1/31 no. 33, 3/382 no. 639, 4/269 no. 403] and Muslim [Eng. Trans. 1/40 no. 111].

(2) {F} Reported by Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 1/18 no. 8] and Muslim [Eng. Trans. 1/27 no. 56]

(3) {T} Ar. Jaahiliyyah. Technically this refers to the condition of a people before the guidance of Allaah reaches them, or the state of a people that prevents them from accepting the guidance of Allaah.

(4) {F} Reported by Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 1/29 no. 29, 3/434 no. 721, 8/46 no. 76] and Muslim [Eng. Trans. 3/884 no.'s 4092-4094]

(5) {F} Reported by Muslim [Eng. Trans. 2/444 no. 2033] and Ahmad [5/342-344]

(6) {F} Reported by Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 1/31 no. 32, 3/524 no. 847, 4/8 no. 12, 8/76 no. 117] and Muslim [Eng. Trans. 1/40 no.'s 112-115].

(7) {F} Reported by Muslim [Eng. Trans. 1/41 no. 115].

(8) {F} Reported by Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 1/40 chpt. 37] as a mu’allaq narration, designating it with certainty and quoted its complete isnaad in ‘Taarikh al-Kabeer‘ [3/1/137]

  • Transcribed from: The Friends of Allaah & the Friends of Shaytaan || Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
  • Translated by: Abu Rumaysah

Explanation of Kitaab at-Tawheed || Abu ‘Iyaad Amjad Rafiq

Shaykh Ul-Islaam Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhab then brings some narrations from the salaf which help clarify and explain the meaning contained in the chapter heading. From them is the saying of Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiallaahu ‘anhuma) who said:

I fear that there may descend upon you stones from the sky when I say to you, the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said such and such, and you say: Abu Bakr and ‘Umar said such and such.”

Concerning this narration, Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan comments upon it and says: Ibn ‘Abbaas is the sage of this Ummah and the explainer of the Qur’aan. He is Abdullaah bin Abbaas bin Mutallib, the nephew of the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhe wasallam).

Download 01 Obeying the Scholars and Rulers.

Should any mistakes that I haven’t observed become apparent, please do not hesitate to contact me.

~ SubhaanAllaah, the soul of generosity.

Whenever Abdullaah bin Al-Mubarak intended to perform Hajj, he would ask his companions and friends:

“Anyone among you who intends to perform Hajj this year, let him bring the money he intends to take with him to me, so that I spend from it on him.” He would collect the money they intended to take with them for Hajj expenses and wrap each one’s money in a cloth, write its owner’s name on it and place it in a box. He would accompany them to Hajj and spend well on their needs and means of transportation, as well as, being kind to them and easy-going. When they would finish the Hajj rituals, he would ask them, “Have your families asked you to bring something with you for them?

He would then buy for each one of them the gifts that his family asked him to bring back and when they went back to their city, he would send someone to go before them and ask the families of his companions to clean their homes and prepare them for their coming. After they returned, he would make a feast and invite them to it, and they would eat and receive the clothes he gave them as gifts. He would then open his box, take out the piece of cloth and give back each one of his money on which he wrote his name. They would take their money and go back to their homes.”

Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, vol. 10, p. 201

- We received the following message today, maa shaa’ Allaah.

Shaykh ‘Ubayd (hafidahullaah) was asked regarding our Shaykh Abu Abdur-Rahmaan Ajaal (hafidahullaah). Shaykh ‘Ubayd said: ‘He is ma’roof (well known). I taught him for over 10 years and he has been giving da’wah in Canada for over 15 years.’ Then Shaykh ‘Ubayd was asked ‘Is his ‘aqeedah still good until this day?’ And he said: ‘His ‘aqeedah is saleem (pure) in shaa’ Allaah, maa shaa’ Allaah!

- Related by our brother Ilyas Abu Asiya in Madeenah right now.

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