May 2010

Shaqeeq bin Ibraheem said:

“While we were with Ibrahim bin Adham, a man passed by us and Ibraheem asked, ‘Is not that man so-and-so?’ and he was answered in the positive. Ibraheem said to a man in the gathering, ‘Catch up with him and tell him that Ibraheem asks, ‘Why did you not greet us with the Salam?’ That man said in reply, ‘By Allaah, my wife has just delivered a baby and I do not have anything, so I went out unaware of my surroundings.’ The man, returned to him and told what happened, and Ibraheem commented, ‘We all belong to Allaah! How is it that we were unaware about the condition of our friend until his condition deteriorated to this point?’

Ibraheem said to a man who was present, ‘Go to so-and-so and borrow two dinars from him, then go to the market and buy whatever is possible with a dinar and then give him. That man said, ‘I went to the market and bought whatever I could with one dinar and then went to the man’s house. I knocked the door and his wife asked, ‘Who is this?’ I said, ‘I need your husband.’ She said, ‘He is not here right now.’ I said, ‘Then open the door and go inside.’ She opened the door, and we took whatever we carried on the camel inside her house and gave her the second dinar. She asked, ‘Who sent all this?’ I said, ‘Your brother (in Islaam) Ibraheem bin Adham.’ She said, ‘O Allaah! Do not forget what happened today from Ibraheem.’”

  • Transcribed from: Sifaatus-Safwah, vol. 4, p.155

Hatim al-Asamm said:

“He whose heart does not contemplate four dangers, is deceived and never safe from acquiring misery. First, the danger of the Day of Mithaq, when Allaah will declare, ‘This group is for Paradise, and it does not bother Me; and this group is for the Fire, and it does not bother Me.’ One does not know to which group he is headed on that Day. Second, one was created in three veils of darkness1, when the angel pronounced him or her among the people of happiness (and Paradise) or misery (and the Fire). One does not know if he proclaimed among the miserable or the happy ones. Third, remembering the horrors to come (after death), for one does know if he will be given the glad tidings of Allaah’s Pleasure or His Anger. Fourth, the Day when mankind will proceed in scattered groups (that they may be shown their deeds) and one does not know to which path he or she will be taken.’”


[1] “He created you (all) from a single person (Adam); then made from him his wife [Hawaa' (Eve)]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three veils of darkness. Such is Allaah your Lord. His is the kingdom. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshiped but He). How then are you turned away?” (39:6)

  • Transcribed from: Jami’-ul-’Al-Uloomi wal Hikaam, p.71

“There is no [true] bliss, nor any delight, joy, or completeness for him, except in knowing Allaah, loving Him, being tranquil in the remembrance of Him, feeling delighted in drawing closer to Him and in yearning to meet Him; this being the paradise of the worldly life. Likewise, there is no delight or success for him in the Afterlife, except with his being enveloped in the Abode of Bliss in the Paradise of the next life. So there are for him two paradises, he will not enter the latter without first entering the former.”

  • Transcribed from: The Exquisite Pearl, the Journey to Allaah and the Home of the Hereafter || Shaykh As-Sa’dee

In the Name of Allaah, the All-Compassionate, the Ever-Merciful…

All praise is due to Allaah, the Lord of all that exists, and may He raise the rank of His last Prophet and Messenger, Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillaah, and that of his family and Companions, and may He grant them all peace.

Upright moral character is an integral part of the correct implementation of the Religion of Islaam.  In fact, it is so essential and important that the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said about it:

“There is nothing heavier in the Scales
(on the Day of Judgment) than good character.”

And the Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) was our role model and the premier example of a man who displayed the finest possible character.  About him, Allaah, the Exalted, has said:

“Verily, in the Messenger of Allaah you have a fine role model.”
[Soorah al-Ahzaab 33:21]

Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah have Mercy on him) summarized the extent of his noble manners by saying:

The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) used to greet the children when he passed by them.  Sometimes, a little girl would take him by the hand and he would allow her to lead him wherever she wanted.  He (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) used to lick his fingers after eating.  He (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) would be in the service of his family when at home.  Never would he become angry because of something personal.  He (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) used to repair his own sandals and mend his own torn clothes.  He would milk his goat himself for his own family.  He would feed his own camel.  He used to eat with his servants, sit in the company of the poor people, and personally take care of the needs of widows and orphans.  He would be the one to initiate the greeting when meeting people.  He would respond to the humblest of invitations.  He (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) lived a very modest lifestyle, a man of soft manners, naturally kind, easy to get along with, having a pleasant smile on his face, gracefully humble, extremely generous but not wasteful, soft-hearted and gentle in his dealings with each and every Muslim, lowering the wings of humility to the believers, bearing their companionship in such a gentle way.

In a time when the West pushes its deficient values and misguided moral codes on the cultures of the world, it is imperative that Muslims realize the completeness of the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace), and realize that our true honor and distinction among the nations, as well as our success in the Hereafter, lies in embracing his guidance, in all affairs of belief and action.


And death will come to him from every side, yet he will not die and in front of him, will be a great torment.


I love adventuring into archives and old-dust-filled books in the quiet, unexplored parts of a library.

Books that were never taken out.

Books that will probably never be opened and weigh more by their dust than by their pages.

The wealth of learning and ignorance and dialogues that free you for a moment into foreign lands of thinking from a world that as complex as it pretends, is a square with 4 sides.

Books that feel like a secret. Pleasant. Like digging to bury a sin only to find a chest box full of treasures. Personal. Like finding a lonely oak tree engraved by a genius that belonged to history as much as his work belongs to the future. To enter into this cave.

Diving into the book. Only to be entrapped in it as the clouds of the past, storm the skies, raining alphabets and sounds, that are poignant no matter how far they seemed to have fallen. Breaking down, into the earth and its people. In pain. In joy of good riddance.

To be imprisoned in this book, in words and equations, in the definition of a soul, tamed between cloth-bound covers, that can make you sneeze, until they seize in sadness. Forced to respectfully allow the storm to finish. To let the past vent into the present clarifying parts of the preordained frozen future.

Suhaib Ibn Najeeb

Ibn Qayyim (rahimahullah) || The Weakening of the Journey to Allaah
Sins and Their Punishments

From among the punishment of sins: They (sins) weaken the journey of the heart toward Allaah and the blessed abode of the Hereafter. Sins baffle the heart and obstruct it from its path. In addition, if these obstacles do not dissuade or turn the heart away from its objective, (meaning, Allaah and entering the Paradise are no longer its goal) they (at l east) veil this journey, cloud it and the seeker is deterred and turned upside down.

The heart travels toward Allaah according to the strength it possesses. Therefore, if the heart becomes ill on account of sins, the strength, which moves it along is weakened, (resulting in a weak heart). If the force vanishes entirely, the heart is severed from Allaah by a separation that it will probably not (by Allaah’s will) overcome. We seek Allaah’s protection from this.

Simply put, sin will degrade the heart,  make the heart dreadfully ill or inevitably sap its strength until this weakness leads it to the eight things from which the Messenger of Allaah sought refuge. They are:

  • Worry
  • Grief
  • Weakness
  • Laziness
  • Cowardliness
  • Stinginess
  • The burden of debt
  • Being overpowered by men

Each pair from among them has a pair of mates. Worry and grief for example, are mates to each other. Worry springs from the heart when it anticipates an unpleasant mishap in the future. Also, grief is caused by an unpleasant occurrence that has happened in the past.

Weakness and laziness are also paired. If the servant lags behind in obtaining the means of achieving good and success due to a lack of ability, this is weakness. If his failure is due to a lack of will or desire, this is laziness.

Cowardliness and stinginess are mates. If the person is lacking in benefit and gain because of his body, cowardliness is the culprit. However, if the non-existence of benefit is because of his wealth, then stinginess is the reason.

Lastly, the burden of debt and being overpowered by men have their peers as well. If another JUSTLY gains superiority over the possessions of the servant of Allaah, it is on account of the burden of debt. If the other FALSELY rises to this position over the servant, it is from being overpowered by men.

The acknowledgment here is the sins are from among the strongest causes that bring about these eight. Just as they (i.e. sins) are from among the main reasons for the individual experiencing a difficult trial or tribulation, attaining misery, an evil ending and suffering the happiness of an enemy at his misfortune. In addition, sins are some of the strongest instruments that factor in the stoppage of blessings and the lowering of punishments.

Allaah said,

فَإذَا قَرَأتَ القُرءَانَ فَاستَعِذ بِل للَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيطَنِ الرَّجِيمِ

So when you [want to] recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allaah from Shaytaan, the outcast (the cursed).”

meaning, before you recite the Qur’aan. Similarly, Allaah said,

إِذََا قُمتُم إِلَى الصَّلَوةِ فَاغسِلُواْ وُجُوهَكُم وَأَيدِيَكُم

When you intend to offer As-Salah (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms).” (5:6)

meaning, before you stand in prayer, as evident by the Hadiths that we mentioned. Imaam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said, “When the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would stand up in prayer at night, he would start his prayer with Takbir (saying “Allaahu Akbar”; Allaah is Greater) and would then supplicate,

سُبْحَانَكَ الَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، وَتَبارَكَ اسْمُكَ، وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ ولا إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

All praise is due to You, O Allaah, and also the thanks. Blessed be Your Name, Exalted be Your sovereignty, and there is no deity worthy of worship except You.”

He (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would then say thrice,

“لا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّه” ثَلا ثًا

There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah,”.

He would (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would then say,

أَعُوذُ بِاللّهِ السَّمِيعِ الْعلِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ مِنْ هَمْزهِ وَنَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ

I seek refuge with Allaah, the Hearing, the Knowing, from the cursed Satan, from his coercion, lures to arrogance and poems.”

The four collectors of the Sunan recorded this Hadith, which at-Tirmidhi considered the most famous Hadith on this subject.[1]


The root of sins is of two types: the abandonment of the obligatory deeds and the performance of the prohibited deeds. Allaah The Most High, tests Jinn kind and Mankind with both of them. With regard to their location, these two kinds of sins are divided into the exterior of the limbs and the interior of the hearts. Also, they are likewise classified with regard to their connection to the rights of Allaah and the rights of His creation. Even though, every right belonging to the creation of Allaah includes a right which in reality belongs to Allaah.

Therefore, these sins are broken up into four groups:

  • (Violation of) sovereignty belonging to Allaah
  • Shaytaanic
  • Predatory
  • Brutishness

The sins of violating the sovereignty of Allaah include the servant’s assuming characteristics that are the sole possession of Allaah, which are not fitting for the creation of Allaah. These characteristics include exaltedness, pride, supremacy, greatness, enslavement of the creation and the like. The association of partners to Allaah stems from this category of sin (Shirk). There are two types:

  1. Shirk pertaining to the Names and Attributes of Allaah or the appointment of another god along with Him.
  2. The servants associating partners to Allaah in his actions. But, at times this second type does not merit his entering into the Fire. However, the deed that of which the individual has joined partners to Allaah in it, is nullified and not accepted.

Speaking about Allaah, His creation and His affair without knowledge are included in this evil. Therefore, whosoever is from among the people of these (aforementioned) sins have challenged Allaah in His Ruboobeeyah or Sovereignty.

As for the Shaytaanic: It is to imitate Shaytaan by way of envy, injustice, cheating, hatred, malice, deceit, trickery, double-dealing, enjoining disobedience to Allaah while beautifying it, prohibiting obedience to Allaah along with belittling and minimizing it, innovating in His religion, the calling to the innovation and misguidance.

Predatory are the sins of hostility, hatred, the spilling of blood, the pouncing upon the weak and disabled. Corruption of human nature is born out of this category of sin accompanied by arrogance, oppression and hostility.

As for the beastly (brutish) sins, they include gluttony and desire for the fulfillment of the craving of the stomach and private parts. Adultery, theft, devouring (unlawfully) the wealth of orphans, stinginess, greed, cowardice, restlessness and anxiety all originate from this brutishness.

Note! This category of wrongdoing increases the sins of the human being due to their weakness for the predatory sins (hostility, hatred, shedding of blood, etc). From brutishness, they enter into the realm of the other groups. Then with the passing of time, the individuals are drawn to them. First, they are dragged into hatred, shedding (each others) blood and preying upon the weak. Thereafter, they begin enjoining disobedience to Allaah, while they prohibit obedience to Allaah and other Shaytaanic sins. In the end, they are led into the rivalry with Allaah in His Ruboobeeyah (Sovereignty) and Shirk in divinity.


“Do not get bored with Allaah’s Speech or remembering Him, nor allow your hearts to grow hard towards it. Worship Allaah, associate none with Him in worship and fear Him as He should be feared. Let your tongues say the truth for Allaah’s Sake and love each other on guidance of Allaah’s love. Verily, Allaah becomes angry if His Covenant is broken. May Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon you.”

Ibn Hisham collected this sermon in his book on the Seerah of the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) vol. 1, p.501 and Ibn Kathir.

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